trafficking in persons romania
16-Jan-2021

Therefore Romania remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year. • Allocate adequate financial resources for the implementation of the 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan. According to Trafficking in Persons Report 2020, the Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Below we list the comparative figures for Italy, Romania and the United Kingdom in the 2012 UN report. • Amend legislation to allow authorities to sanction recruiting agencies for crimes contributing to trafficking. • Expand efforts to train officials involved in judicial proceedings, particularly judges, on working with trafficking cases and victims, sensitivity to trafficking issues, and understanding all forms of trafficking. Moreover, anti-trafficking efforts varied across the country, with some counties maintaining fewer staff and resources than other counties. Traffickers subjected some children to trafficking while in the care of the state, particularly in small towns. Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including migrants from Africa, Europe, and South and Southeast Asia, exploited in the construction, hotel, and food-processing industries. © ACTMedia - Romanian Business News | Sitemap | Search | Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy, PM Orban: there are some politicians "who ignore the danger, who trivialize the epidemic risk and instigate not to comply with the rules", CNA recommends radio and TV stations to stop Coronavirus-related fake news, Gov't approves bill setting September 27 as date for 2020 local elections, Orban: PNL leads in all surveys at a distance from the second place, which is PSD, Former PSD leader Liviu Dragnea, officially accused in the Tel Drum file, ForMin Aurescu : Democracy not always a triumphal march, but endurance marathon, First batch of 36 Piranha V armored personnel carriers to be delivered to Defence Ministry, Trafficking in Persons Report 2020: Romania remained on Tier 2 Watch List, Minister of finances: the present economic crisis is more serious than the Great Crash of 1929, Gov't deficit rises to 3.59pct of GDP five months into 2020, BNR's profit in 2019: 1.8 billion lei, increasing by 52 pct over 2018, SCHOOL POPULATION WAS OF 3,526.2 THOUSAND PERSONS IN THE 2019-2020 SCHOOL/ACADEMIC YEAR, Over 54pct of Romania's households connected to sewerage systems in 2019. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Unfortunately, Romania remains on tier two watch list for the second consecutive year, which means the Romanian government failed to properly intensify its efforts to combat human trafficking. If things have reached this intolerable point, it is because those who led at that time the Ministry of Interior, Carmen Dan, the Chamber of Deputies head, Liviu Dragnea, the Ministry of Justice - Florin Iordache, did not take measures in due time, pretended not to see this phenomenon, destroyed the legislation that strengthened justice, paralyzed the investigative capacity of the prosecutor's offices, discouraged the action of the policemen. Authorities investigated, prosecuted, and convicted fewer traffickers. Romanians represent a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. • Proactively identify potential victims, especially among vulnerable populations, such as migrants and asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, and children in government-run institutions, through enhanced training for police officers and labor inspectors on recognizing indicators of exploitation. Additionally, several NGOs expressed suspicion that staff working in placement centers for minors and residential centers for persons with disabilities facilitated trafficking in persons. • Increase the quality of psychological counseling and improve access to medical assistance for victims. The extent of trafficking from the Republic of Moldova into and through Romania is unclear, though some reports suggest that traffickers operating in Romania and Moldova exploit Moldovan women and girls from Romania in operations in Europe. Drugs 3. Nonexistence of government funding for NGO assistance and protection services remained a problem. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Traffickers subject Romani children, as young as 13 years old, to forced begging and sex trafficking. Perennial problems of abuse and neglect of institutionalized children, coupled with the lack of proactive identification in government facilities, left children in placement centers vulnerable to trafficking. In 2018, the Romanian government reported that only 48% of confirmed trafficking victims in Romania received assistance. In 2019, 255 victims participating in criminal proceedings accessed services available to victims assisting law enforcement; these services included concealing victims’ identities, protection at victims’ residence, and transporting victims during travel. Many agents and sub-organizations, both in the public and private sphere are involved. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. The QFCHT continued to conduct anti-traf!cking awareness campaigns, and it published traf!cking … Of these victims, 327 were minors. Since Romania joined the European Union it has been actively taking strides to decrease the prevalence of trafficking within the country and as a source country for trafficking throughout the region. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Romania, and traffickers exploit victims from Romania abroad. Widespread complicity and the failure to incriminate officials hampered effective law enforcement. The Minister of Justice, Catalin Predoiu, on Friday said that human trafficking and organised crime have reached an intolerable level in our country, and the former PSD (Social Democratic Party) government is responsible for this situation, for "destroying the legislation that strengthened justice" and sending a clear signal to the underworld that they could shake their heads. Please contact us! Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes such as rape. The National Institute for Magistrates conducted a workshop on international judicial cooperation and techniques for investigating trafficking, identification, referral, and assistance; 14 prosecutors and judges participated. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Romania demonstrated law enforcement efforts over the reporting period; however, it did not report the number of investigations, prosecutions, and convictions obtained against labor trafficking offenders. While the government provided legal aid to victims, the lawyers assigned often lacked experience working with trafficking victims. In 2011, Romanian authorities investigated 897 human trafficking cases, in contrast to 717 cases investigated in 2010. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Romanian women and children are victims of sex trafficking in Romania and other European … In 2019, 49 percent (339) of identified victims received assistance from public institutions, public-private partnerships, and NGOs, compared with 48 percent in 2018 and 46 percent in 2017. With the support of the United States, they have made sustained efforts to prosecute human trafficking offences, but more needs to be done," he said.Zuckerman said the US report was correct, but fortunately the number of prosecutions was steadily rising. "Unfortunately, it is obvious that the report is correct. Several NGOs criticized ANITP for investing too many resources in awareness campaigns and neglecting the pressing needs of victims. The law permitted foreign victims to request asylum and granted asylum-seekers the right to work after three months. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. The Romanian government has shown some commitment to combat trafficking but has been criticized for failing to fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. Romania, together with Ireland, is the only EU country put in the so-called Tier 2-Watch List of the US Government’s 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report. In July 2019, Romanian and German authorities partnered in an investigation that resulted in the arrest of four Romanian men for exploiting minors, including their own children, in commercial sex. Furthermore, in the event traffickers’ assets were not seized but a guilty verdict was reached, the government could pay material damages for documented expenses, such as medical bills. Authorities did not adequately screen for trafficking indicators or identify victims among vulnerable populations, such as asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, or children in government-run institutions. TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS FOR BEGGING – ROMANIA STUDY 7 Foreword The 2012 ILO Global Report on Trafficking in Persons estimates that 20.9 million people are in forced labour around the world – including trafficked human beings, estimated at 2.5 million. "Since the beginning of the mandate of the current leadership team of the Ministry, we have shown a constant concern for combating human trafficking. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. The Trafficking in Persons Report, or the TIP Report, is an annual report issued by the U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.It ranks governments based on their perceived efforts to acknowledge and combat human trafficking. Additionally, the government published the names of all trial witnesses, including minors, on the internet, putting victim-witnesses at risk of retaliation. The government marginally increased prevention efforts. Furthermore, authorities reported a lack of investigative tools and software that would allow them to perform faster and more effective online investigations. Our mission is to rescue and protect children from child trafficking and exploitation across the globe. NGOs reported, while the legal sphere developed some sensitivity to trafficking victims’ situations, some police officers and judges continued to lack specialized training and sensitivity toward sex trafficking cases and trafficking issues, including a basic understanding of trafficking. Authorities in the UK and Romania have arrested 24 people, cracking a syndicate that trafficked low income Romanian girls into the UK, Ireland and Germany for sex work. The law entitled all victims to psychological and medical care; however, the government did not provide more than one mental health counseling session and did not finance medical care costs. The normative acts on the basis of which the persons accused of trafficking in persons have been convicted are: the Criminal Code of Romania, art. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. You won't be able to hide, it's over," said the US ambassador.Zuckerman called on the leadership of the Romanian Parliament to adopt, together with the government, the legislation necessary to combat this scourge. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. ANITP continued to publish yearly reports and statistics on trafficking and organized 85 awareness campaigns, compared with 36 in 2018, aimed at educating youth and adults looking for jobs abroad. In parallel coordinated operations, four suspects have been arrested and six locations searched. Romania is a country of origin and country of transit for persons, primarily women and children, trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. • Amend legislation to allow authorities to sanction recruiting agencies for crimes contributing to trafficking. From the 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. The first efforts to address trafficking in persons focused heavily on combating the sex trafficking of women and girls. The media also mentioned traffickers negotiated other jobs and transfers within the police force and offered the police information about rival criminal groups in order to eliminate their competitors. Zuckerman referenced the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report for 2019, released last June, which noted Romania’s lack of progress in fighting human trafficking. (More details on :https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/2020-TIP-Report-Complete-062420-FINAL.pdf), Ambassador Zuckerman urges Parliament to work to repair former gov't damage to human trafficking. Additionally, observers reported that a split reporting structure hindered police efficiency and coordination with investigations and prosecutions. "Today, I am proud to announce that, in collaboration with the Romanian Police, law enforcement and prosecutors, we are committed to a new zero-tolerance programme for human trafficking. JusMin Predoiu: Human trafficking and organised crime have reached intolerable levels. Courts convicted 120 traffickers in 2019, continuing a multi-year decline from 130 in 2018 and 222 in 2017. Despite these shortcomings, the government issued 22,000 work permits for non-EU migrants, which put them particularly at risk for trafficking. Victims from outside the EU were mainly from Nigeria and China. Romanian women are found in prostitution rings all around Europe, and forced labor is also a problem. Authorities placed child victims in general child facilities or in facilities for children with disabilities run by child protection services. Nonetheless, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government employees complicit in trafficking offenses. Child protection services managed only two centers that focused specifically on child trafficking victims. Authorities investigated, prosecuted, and convicted fewer traffickers. The government maintained three government-run shelters designated for trafficking victims with the capacity to accommodate 18 adults; the shelters also housed domestic violence victims. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. În this context, Secretary of State with the Interior Ministry (MAI) police quaestor Bogdan Despescu announced on Friday that since taking over the current leadership of the MAI, a number of 11 organised groups specialised in cases of sexual assault and labour exploitation were closed down, with 79 persons being detained. “DIICOT Brasov prosecutors detained three persons in a high-risk drug trafficking case. Experts report a rise in Romanian … Human trafficking is a major problem in the EU and a priority for Europol and law enforcement agencies in EU Member States. The current state of human trafficking and organised crime in Romania is threatening its citizens and their fundamental rights. reported 2,285 victims of trafficking in persons and 2,072 victims in 2007, of whom approximately 14% were children. Illegal Arms 2. Of these, 33 per cent – or 848 – experienced sexual exploitation. This is the time for Parliament to take action and protect the people it represents," he said. The law also permitted foreign victims who cooperated with authorities to receive a renewable, six-month temporary residence permit. Indeed, it is one of the EMPACT priorities, Europol’s priority crime areas, under the 2018–2021 EU Policy Cycle.. • Provide knowledgeable legal counsel and courtroom protections for victims assisting prosecutions. Romania. Trafficking in human beings (THB) is a serious crime and an abuse of an individual’s fundamental rights and dignity. Moreover, access to medical care required Romanian victims to return to their home districts to obtain identity documents. Romania prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Law No. One of the main techniques employed by traffickers is known as the “lover boy method”. Romania prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Law No. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. The action came after the US Government’s 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report warned of Romania’s lack of progress in fighting human trafficking and human exploitation. In one of the largest child trafficking rings uncovered in Europe, more than 100 people were convicted in the UK over an operation in which dozens of minors were forced to beg and steal. The Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. A total of 29 potential victims, aged between 20 and 40 years, were recovered in London and brought to safety. Romania is a significant source country for many of Europe’s trafficked people. The Romanian authorities opened 532 new trafficking cases in 2019, a decrease from 695 in 2018 and 675 in 2017. of trafficking networks.4 Currently, Romania’s anti-trafficking legislation does not fully comply with international standards. 211 - Trafficking in Minors, Art. The 2017 US State Department Trafficking in Persons Report states that: “Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including sex trafficking victims from Italy and Armenia” (United States Department of State, 2017, p. 363). Vigorously investigate and prosecute trafficking cases under the trafficking statute and punish convicted traffickers, including complicit officials, with significant prison sentences. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. A new administration came into office in November 2019 and committed to reforming judicial structures; however, existing law enforcement deficiencies and knowledge gaps impeded progress. Trafficking in (Persons Report June 2003, U.S. – Department of State, Bureau of Public ... context in Romania of the 90s has favored the appearance of some social cleavages Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. ANPDCA also reported local child protection services, which were supposed to provide service to trafficking victims, lacked the necessary knowledge that would allow them to justify funding requests for specialized services. • Amend regulations to exempt all trafficking victims Trafficking in Persons Report 2020who testify in trials from the online disclosure of their names to protect participating witnesses from retaliation and stigma and incentivize greater victim participation in prosecutions. The Romanian suspect is alleged to have participated in trafficking in persons, ongoing pimping and money laundering. The National Anti-Trafficking Agency (ANITP) organized 160 trainings for government, judiciary, and front-line officials on a victim-centered approach in criminal cases and victim identification and assistance. ""One of the priorities of the United States is to advocate for the rule of law. Trafficking in human beings and organised crime have reached an intolerable level in our country and we are here to put an end to this phenomenon. Consequently, NGOs claimed the actual number of victims was higher than the reported number. Romanian authorities also participated in a pan-European case led by Europol involving child trafficking, which resulted in 34 arrests. The total number of identified trafficking victims in the period 2011-2015 was 4,622 (2011: 1,048; 2012: 1,041; These cases have induced complex documentation that has resulted in the dismantling of specialized networks in both sexual assault and labor exploitation. Such actions will continue with even greater intensity," Despescu told a joint press statement with Interior Minister Marcel Vela, US Ambassador Adrian Zuckerman, Justice Minister Catalin Predoiu and Prosecutor General Gabriela Scutea.He said that in order to increase the capacity to retaliate against human traffickers, the ministry has reached an agreement with partners in the United States for technical support in identifying these types of crimes. As in past years, fewer than half of identified victims received assistance. Last month 24 people were arrested in the UK and Romania in a Police Scotland-led operation. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. Romani children, as young as 12 years old, are particularly vulnerable to forced begging and sex trafficking. ANITP managed a 24-hour hotline but only staffed an operator during regular business hours. In 2019, authorities identified no foreign victims among refugees and asylum-seekers, but observers estimated there were dozens of cases. When justice for those who are vulnerable dies, civil society must stand up for democratic legal institutions! Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. The 2016 In 2019, DIICOT and DCCO participated in 80 joint investigative teams with European counterparts, a significant increase from 36 in 2018 and 44 in 2017. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. In 1994, the Department of State began to monitor human trafficking as part of the Department’s Annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, focusing exclusively on sex trafficking of women and girls. With these socioeconomic conditions, Romania is one of the countries in the EU with the greatest number of persons falling victim to human trafficking. • Proactively identify potential victims, especially among vulnerable populations, such as migrants and asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, and children in government-run institutions, through enhanced training for police officers and labor inspectors on recognizing indicators of exploitation. BUCHAREST, 6 November 2019 – OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings Valiant Richey conducted an official visit to Romania this week. And according to the “Trafficking in Persons” report, one-third of Romania’s trafficking victims are underage girls. 3 Romania Introduction Romania is mainly a country of origin for victims of trafficking in persons. The case resulted from a 2009-2010 joint investigation with the United Kingdom (UK) into a Romanian trafficking network, which Europol considered one of the biggest in Europe; the traffickers recruited hundreds of children from poor Roma communities in the southern part of the country and exploited them in the UK in forced begging or forced theft. Annual report on trafficking in persons (covering April 2019 to March 2020) 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report: Romania (Periodical Report, English)

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