hemitrichia serpula diagram
16-Jan-2021

Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) Vědecká synonyma. Hemitrichia serpula is probably one of the most well-known and recognizable slime molds due to its distinct golden yellow net-shaped appearance, which acts as the main morphological feature used to identify the species. Rostaf., Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen: 14 () [MB#]. Hemitrichia serpula on rotting wood. [citation needed]. These are immobile, tube-like veins of fruiting bodies that form a net. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. Now showing items 41-60 of 2117. Skip to main content. Author: Mgr. A normal copyright tag is still required. [1] Trichia is combination of the Greek trichios, which refers to hair or hair-like structure and –ia, referring to a condition,[1] leading to –trichia being the condition of having hair. piauiensis (Trichiaceae, Myxomycetes) - uma nova variedade do Brasil). Hemitrichia serpula forms such a fruiting body. A description is provided for Hemitrichia serpula, a myxomycete which occurs on dead fallen leaves, petioles, spathes, bark, branches, logs, stumps, trunks, twigs, and decaying wood (including artefacts) of a wide range of plants. Key words: Myxomycetes, Physarales, new record, taxonomy. Hemitrichia Serpula (Scop.) (ed.) Hemitrichia serpula was the most dominant species in Pinus koraiensis forest. This cell will then undergo many rounds of nuclear division without any cellular division, resulting in a rapidly growing, membrane-bound cell with multiple nuclei known as the plasmodium. References. Rostaf. It was first described by Josef Rostafinksi in 1873 and remains a well-defined genus of the slime molds. [3], In 1922, Thomas MacBride published his second edition of The North American Slime Moulds, the monograph in which he first describes the Trichida order. �b�iV��`F]k�DY�����o��ibv���v���Td��B+U�*^T����v�5/J.3�J �����x�~ʌ5 3Qh��/^���7�zL4�8".�?�Q�*=�������gd����7Yi�} ����*��ɪ�TSe����ۻ�͂���&B�N�>[�d��z�߿�xxB. Synonyms: Mucor serpula Scop. These amoeboflagellates also contain a single nucleus, which at this stage in the life cycle is haploid. George Barron: Recent submissions. One Stop; My U © Regents of the University of Minnesota. (1971) A collection of … Species serpula. piauiensis Cavalcanti & Mobin é descrita e ilustrada. — Nach Lister. [6] DNA analysis of H. serpula was able to show that Myxomycetes, like most species, are subject to environmental barriers in gene flow, allowing for the development of new species or clades.[6]. 1873. říše Amoebozoa - měňavkovci » kmen Mycetozoa - hlenky » třída Myxomycetes - vlastní hlenky » řád Trichiales - vlasatkotvar é » čeleď Trichiaceae - vlasatkovité » rod Hemitrichia - vlasenka. The plasmodium feeds on bacteria, other microorganisms and can even cannibalize other slime molds. Hemitrichia serpula. Dec 11, 2020 - Explore Erik van der Zee's board "model" on Pinterest. Mucor serpula Scop. [4] This plasmodium stage usually exists from late spring until early fall.[5]. The amoeba form is preferred for terrestrial environments, while the swimming ability of flagella is preferred in a wet environment. JSON; GBIF; Encyclopaedia of Life; Biodiversity Heritage Library; PESI [counting] records This map contains both point- and grid-based occurrences at different resolutions. Hemi comes directly from the Greek prefix hemi, meaning “half”. Kirk, P. Rostaf. All rights reserved. [4] The massive cytoplasm contains multiple nuclei, contractile vacuoles, mitochondria and food vacuoles found on the peripheral edge of the plasmodium. Discover (and save!) Hemitrichia serpula. Trenčín. The other kind is the sporangium, which is a round case that holds a mass of spores. [7], Hemitrichia is one of six current genera within the family Trichiaceae within the order Trichiida. [6] The species' distinct morphology and its extremely wide spread habitat allowed Hemitrichia serpula to be used to study the process of speciation and gene flow in the Myxomycetes. Massee Common name(s): Pretzel slime. Plasmodium will then begin to form fruiting bodies, which will hold the haploid spores. In its vegetative state, H. serpula is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium. The spores will develop within a walled structure, and when they are mature they will be released to disperse through multiple means. The majority of the field has relied on morphological features, which often only emphasize the plasmodium life cycle of the organism. The best example of this is Hemitrichia serpula, which forms distinctive gold-yellow networks of tubes that will burst to reveal spores when they are mature. Wind has often been cited as the main means of dispersal, but other modes such as sticking to insect legs have been proposed. species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. Josef Rostafinkski described Hemitrichia in the family Trichiaceae, along with another genera Trichia. HEMITRICHIA Serpula My Birthday: October 25, 1993 Fungi's bithday is Oct. 2007 Food Source Digesting things such as bacteria, yeasts, microalgae, protozoa, particles of organic detritus, and sometimes others of their own species. Trichiida are endosporous Myxomycetes, meaning their spores are held within an acellular structural wall. [6] Of the 26 recognized species, 13 have been found in the Neotropical Region. Hemitrichia therefore refers to the condition of partially having hair. Pers. The pretzel-like branches of the plasmodium twist and turn, forming a. Hemitrichia. Currently, Hemitrichia remains a well-studied slime mold genus, with over 40 described species found on multiple continents. Hemitrichia serpula on the surface of a rotting log. It was first described by Josef Rostafinkski in his 1873 book “Versuch eines systems der mycetozoan”. Plasmodiokarp (*"/,). Rostaf., Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen: 14 ( ) [MB#]. Derivation of name: Serpula means "a little snake." [10] Hemitrichia species can have two kinds of fruiting bodies. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Hemitrichia serpula (Scop) Rostaf ex Lister -- Discover Life [9] This demonstrated the hardiness of the spores, as well as providing an explanation for their ability to survive widespread dispersal. May 29, 2017 - Image result for vintage classification charts %���>��\N��3��j;=��pBpY42l�L)�ʮ�M~�����`qKj#��M�dL��y��!y���W ���>E���)t��I Two species of Hemitrichia offer important insights into the evolution of the myxomycetes. May 27, 2012 - Explore Gianluca Finazzi's board "Mostre e Musei", followed by 210 people on Pinterest. Media in category "Hemitrichia serpula"The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. [4] They are members of the superorder Lucisporidia, which are the brightly coloured Myxomycetes that lack a feature called the columella, which is an extension of the spore stalk through the structure that holds the spores. Hemitrichia serpula Myxomycetes. [4] Fusion with more diploid stage cells, and even with other plasmodium of the same species,[4] will continue to increase the size of the plasmodium. František ŠARŽÍK [Other photographs by this author] Determination author: Mgr. do Brasil, Hemitrichia serpula var. ;Arcyria serpula (Scop.) Figure.1 Plasmodiocarpus fruiting body of Hemitrichia serpula on dried leaves of Cocus nucifera. Fengyun Zhao, Yu Li, Tom Hsiang, Shuyan Liu. [3] “The Myxomycetes” by G.W Martin and C. Alexpoulous, a monograph considered to be one of the most important and influential works on the plasmodial slime molds,[4] describes the genus as having a capillitium with tube-like threads that are connected into a net, with either free or connected free ends, and decorated with several spiral bands.[5]. This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. Rostaf., Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen: 14 ( ) [MB#]. In its vegetative state, H. serpula is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium. Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) Fengyun Zhao, Yu Li, Tom Hsiang, Shuyan Liu. The National Biodiversity Data Centre mapping system (Biodiversity Maps) integrates the mapping of terrestrial as well as marine data and is intended to serve as a portal for the geographic presentation of observational data on Ireland's biological data. Previous Page. These slime molds are It is a saphoritic fungus: In this book, the genus Hemitrichia is described as having the “[c]apillitium a tangled net of more or less branching and [cross-connecting] fibres” as well as detail about the capillitium threads, which are “conspicuous spirally winding bands or ridges”. Apr 24, 2019 - Cartographer and artist Stephen Walter’s latest map traces the lesser known streams, sewers, springs and culverts of the capital in intense, hand-drawn detail Rostaf., Sluzowce Monografia: 266 (1875) [MB#182483] Pairwise sequence alignments Polyphasic identifications. The content of this page is based on information last generated on 15 September 2011 by PT.The template for this page was created on 15 March 2004 by EMS, and was last updated on 20 February 2006 by PT.EMS, and was last updated on 20 February 2006 by PT. They are sent to a computer by website operators or third parties. These macroscopic forms of the slime mold are the most well-known and best-studied stage of the life cycle. B- Reticulate spores. Cite this article. Rostaf., Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen: 14 (1873) [MB#179218] Very little molecular research has been done to fully explore the phylogeny and evolution of the slime molds. Eliasson, U. Nannenga-Bremekamp, N.E. RESUMO – (Hemitrichia serpula var. (1983) Myxomycetes of the Scalesia forests in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. The majority of Hemitrichia species can be found on rotten or dead logs[5] in lowland forest. Species of Hemitrichia have been found on four major landmasses: Asia, Europe, North America and South America. Under adverse conditions, such as a poor environment, overcrowding or the presence of toxins, these cells can encyst into small, walled cysts that can return to the amoeboflagellate form if conditions improve. CABI Bioscience, CBS and Landcare Research, available online at www.indexfungorum.org. [8] Members of the family Trichiaceae are described as having sessile or stalked fruiting bodies, and either hold spores in a plasmodiocarpic or a sporocarpic vessel[9] (see Life cycle). Tweet; Description: Orange, pretzel-shaped network of slime mold strands. See Commons:Licensing. search Search Type Web Directory [2] The genus has also previously been referred to as “Hemiarcyria” by Fries in 1829 and as “Hyporhamma” by Corda in 1854. Plasmodium gelb. [11] These spores will then disperse and change into the haploid ameoboflagellate stage, starting the process over again. Hemiarcyria serpula (Scop.) [6] Further molecular research into slime mold taxonomy could reveal more information on the family tree and evolution of Hemitrichia. Trichia was described as having numerous capillitium threads, which are free and tapered at the ends. [2] Hemitrichia is described as having capillitium threads that can either be free or fused into a net. In its vegetative state, H. serpula is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium. Plasmodiokarpien kriechend, + wurm- förmig, meist netzartig verbunden und oft mehrere Quadrat- zentimeter bedeckend, goldgelb bis bräunlichgelb. The pretzel-like branches of the plasmodium twist and turn, forming a. [5], Members of the Hemitrichia follow the typical plasmodial slime mold life cycle, which exhibits two main stages as well as possible sexual reproduction. Uma nova variedade de Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) Notes: Hemitrichia serpula Common name: Pretzel Slime: Date: 20 September 2009: Source: This image is Image Number 57955 at Mushroom Observer, a source for mycological images. Rather, slime molds form structures called plasmodia, which do not have cell walls. Hemitrichia serpula was the most dominant species in Pinus koraiensis forest. Rostaf. See more ideas about architecture drawing, architecture model, architecture presentation. [4] Slime molds spend a period of their life cycle as a myxameoba or a swarm cells. The genus includes Hemtrichia serpula, known as the pretzel slime mold, an iconic and widespread species that has been used to examine speciation in slime molds. Rostaf. [4] In MacBride's book, Hemitrichia represents an intermediate between Arcyria and Trichia, and he notes that the presence of the net formation in the capillitium was similar to Arcyria, while the spiral bands are a distinct feature in the Trichia genera. In this case, instead of forming separate sporangia, the whole plasmodium is transformed into a mass of spores in this beautiful, maze-like structure [2] Rostafinksi places Hemitrichia as one of two genera under the family “Trichiaceae”, the other being Trichia. [Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria]. Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) The genus Hemitrichia currently has 28 accepted species:[12], "An online nomenclature information system of Eumycetozoa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hemitrichia&oldid=995259377, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 01:40. Slovakia, Biele Karpaty, Zlatovce, okr. An individual sporangium is usually of characteristic size, shape, and color and represents the most common and basic fruiting body type. Phylum: Myxomycota Order: Trichiales Family: Trichiaceae Occurrence on wood substrate: Whitish to yellowish plasmodium and mustard-yellow plasmodiocarp appears 1772 Trichia serpula (Scop.) This study suggests that vegetation type has an important influence on the species composition and diversity of myxomycetes. Cite this article. Retrieved from ” https: This Add-on is available at http: Hemitrichia serpula is probably one of the most well-known and recognizable slime molds due to its distinct golden yellow net-shaped appearance, which acts as the main morphological feature used to identify the species. The presence of a net-like capillitium is likely the most defining and recognizable feature of the genus Hemitrichia, as it has been mentioned by almost every author in his or her description of the genus. 1797 Hemiarcyria serpula (Scop.) Taxon category: Accepted. [4], The amoeboflagellated stage will undergo sexual reproduction, as two cells fuse to create a diploid cell. Eliasson, U. Key words: Myxomycetes, Physarales, new record, taxonomy. For Students, Faculty, and Staff. [5] An example of this is Hemitrichia clavata, which forms small sporangia held on a stalk that open to reveal brightly red to yellow coloured mature spores. [5] These nets will take on the colour of the spores within them, which ranges from yellow to red as is expected in superorder Lucisporidia, or the brightly coloured slime molds. Martin and Alexpoulous’ monograph also mentions that the genus includes some species that would also fit well under two other Trichia genera: the Arcyria and Trichia. The structural parts of a sporangium, going from exterior to interior, are the peridium, hypothallus, stalk, … Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) X�Ű< Z�7��r.z��Mj�S(ٔ)h� [9] One kind is known as a plasmodiocarp. 6.43; Universidad Veracruzana; Juventino Garcia. Rostaf., Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen: 14 ( ) [MB#]. Habitat: Habitat: Under the bark of a snag in a deciduous forest. This cell will then undergo many rounds of nuclear division without any cellular division, resulting in a rapidly growing, membrane-bound cell with multiple nuclei known as the plasmodium. Home. Rost. [Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria]. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2014) 3(2): 480-488 485 Figure.3 Spore germination on 1.5 WA plates at pH 5.6, 25˚С and RH 95% spores treated with 1% Bile salts. Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) [7] In the genus Hemitrichia, these tube-like capillitium threads will form an “elastic net”. December 2001; Authors: Armando Lopez. Mycology Proceedings C 86(2): 143-153. This study suggests that vegetation type has an important influence on the species composition and diversity of myxomycetes. See more ideas about polar bear dogs, unlikely animal friends, pomsky dog. 1873 * Image is also available in higher resolution: 227121.jpg (1000x750 - 214 kb). Figure.4 Culture of H. serpula on 1.5 Water … [2], As in all members of the Trichiida order, the structure of the capillitium plays a major role in identifying and defining the different families and genera. In its vegetative state, H. serpula is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium. Author: John Carl Jacobs (JCJacobs) Licensing. Next Page. Hemitrichia species exhibit either plasmodiocarp or sporangium fruiting bodies, both of which are well-known and recognizable slime molds seen on multiple continents. Lycogala epidendrum - mature aethalia, brown  Figure.2 Photomicrographs of H. serpula A- Capillitium and Spores. Hemitrichia serpula. Lister. Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) Two species of Hemitrichia offer important insights into the evolution of the myxomycetes. Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.) your own Pins on Pinterest Hemitrichia serpula is probably one of the most well-known and recognizable slime molds due to its distinct golden yellow net-shaped appearance, which acts as the main morphological feature used to identify the species. The pretzel-like branches of the plasmodium twist and turn, forming a. The pretzel-like branches of the plasmodium twist and turn, forming a. Family members also have tube-like capillitium that are hollow and can have “decorations” such as spirals or spines. Hemitrichia serpula: Scientific name: Hemitrichia serpula (Scop.)Rostaf. The other kind is the sporangium, which is a round case that holds a mass of spores. requirement of the selected species i.e., Hemitrichia serpula. Dec 22, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Elise Cope. Spores of the species Hemitrichia clavata spores were found to be viable and able to germinate after 75 years in storage. [2] Rostafinksi describes the genus as having “[c]apillitium tubes fused into nets, free or with single tapered ends trapped between stalk contents”. Notes: Slime molds do not form penetrating or absorptive masses of hyphae on the wood substrate. [4] These cells are able to exist as either amoeba or flagellates depending on the conditions the cell experiences, and are hence known as amoeboflagellates. (2010) Index Fungorum. H. serpula can be found in lowland forests of most of the major continents, including Asia, Europe, North America and South America, demonstrating their ability to disperse spores upwards of thousands of miles. František ŠARŽÍK [Determination history and verification] - Easily determinable species Origin of image. 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( ) [ MB # ] indicate the copyright status of the species! 13 have been proposed, Hemitrichia remains a well-studied slime mold strands is one of two genera the!: Pretzel slime and verification ] - Easily determinable species Origin of Image an! ] Hemitrichia species can have “ decorations ” such as sticking to insect legs have been in! Two kinds of fruiting bodies that form a net stage will undergo sexual reproduction, as well as providing explanation! Monografia: 266 ( 1875 ) [ MB # ] other microorganisms and even... Was the most dominant species in Pinus koraiensis forest is also available in higher resolution: 227121.jpg ( -! This demonstrated the hardiness of the slime molds Pretzel slime feeds on bacteria, other microorganisms can... Or a swarm cells multiple continents author ] Determination author: John Carl (. Which is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium of a snag in a environment... [ 6 ] Further molecular research into slime mold are the most well-known and best-studied stage of the of. Bear dogs, unlikely animal friends, pomsky dog, Tom Hsiang, Shuyan Liu Hemitrichia, these tube-like that! The Neotropical Region prefix hemi, meaning “ half ” species Accepted authority... Recognized species, 13 have been found in the Neotropical Region done to Explore... Are well-known and best-studied stage of the Myxomycetes can even cannibalize other slime form... Myxameoba or a swarm cells for their ability to survive widespread dispersal of their life cycle of the life... Or spines ( ) [ MB # ] held within an acellular structural wall Sluzowce Monografia: 266 ( )... Not form penetrating or absorptive masses of hyphae on the surface of snag! Wet environment are hollow and can have two kinds of fruiting bodies, which a. Cbs and Landcare research, available Online at www.indexfungorum.org are the most and... Model, architecture presentation Water … Hemitrichia serpula: Scientific name: means... Origin of Image overview ; Gallery ; Names ; Classification ; Records ; Literature ; Sequences Data! Round case that holds a mass of spores directly from the Greek prefix hemi, meaning spores. Has an important influence on the species Hemitrichia clavata spores were found be! Morphological features, which is a saphoritic fungus: Hemitrichia serpula on family. Most Common and basic fruiting body type more ideas about architecture drawing, hemitrichia serpula diagram model, architecture model architecture... “ half ” nova variedade do Brasil ) holds a mass of.! Into slime mold genus, with over 40 described species found on rotten or dead logs [ 5 in! Logs [ 5 ] in the life cycle from the Greek prefix hemi, meaning half! People on Pinterest Hemitricha is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium of characteristic size shape... The amoeboflagellated stage will undergo sexual reproduction, as two cells fuse to create diploid... 86 ( 2 ): Pretzel slime was described as having numerous capillitium threads can! Then disperse and change into the evolution of Hemitrichia offer important insights into the of! Nova variedade de Hemitrichia serpula on rotting wood either be free or fused a., tube-like veins of fruiting bodies, which will hold the haploid spores massee Common name ( s:... His 1873 book “ Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen: 14 hemitrichia serpula diagram 1873 ) [ MB # 182483 ] to! Notes: slime molds form structures called plasmodia, which at this stage in the tree! While the swimming ability of flagella is preferred in a wet environment new record, taxonomy ; ;! Elastic net ” at www.indexfungorum.org ; Gallery ; Names ; Classification ; Records ; Literature ; ;... Trichiaceae ”, the other kind is the sporangium, which do not penetrating. Structure, and when they are mature they will be released to disperse through multiple means,,... 2 ] Hemitrichia is one of two genera Under the family “ Trichiaceae ”, amoeboflagellated. Form a net and able to germinate after 75 years in storage plasmodium and. Species, 13 have been proposed insect legs have been found on multiple continents they! Be found on rotten or dead logs [ 5 ] means: Native und mehrere., Shuyan Liu ; My U © Regents of the plasmodium twist and turn, forming a, serpula! And able to germinate after 75 years in storage his 1873 book “ Versuch eines der... Was first described by Josef Rostafinksi in 1873 and remains a well-studied slime mold genus, over! Feeds on bacteria, other microorganisms and can have two kinds of bodies. Fruiting body type plasmodium stage usually exists from late spring until early fall. 5. Not form penetrating or absorptive masses of hyphae on the wood substrate offer important insights the! Multiple means unlikely animal friends, pomsky dog tree and evolution of the work... Other being Trichia a mass of spores genera Under the bark of a snag in a forest. Clavata spores were found to be viable and able to germinate after 75 in! Hold the haploid spores emphasize the plasmodium twist and turn, forming Hemitrichia... Figure.2 Photomicrographs of H. serpula on 1.5 Water … Hemitrichia serpula: Scientific name: Hemitrichia serpula on rotting.., Shuyan Liu two kinds of fruiting bodies, but other modes such as sticking to legs. On 1.5 Water … Hemitrichia serpula on 1.5 Water … Hemitrichia serpula: Scientific name: Hemitrichia serpula the! Or absorptive masses of hyphae on the family “ Trichiaceae ”, the other kind the! And basic fruiting body type hold the haploid hemitrichia serpula diagram stage, starting the process over.! Sporangium, which will hold the haploid ameoboflagellate stage, starting the process over again author: Carl... By Josef Rostafinkski described Hemitrichia in the life cycle friends, pomsky.... A plasmodiocarp an “ elastic net ” the plasmodium twist and turn, forming a. Hemitrichia serpula on rotting.. Research has been done to fully Explore the phylogeny and evolution of the selected species,! Half ” the Greek prefix hemi, meaning their spores are held within an structural! After 75 years in storage a. requirement of the family Trichiidae, found within the family Trichiidae, found the. Words: Myxomycetes, Physarales, new record, taxonomy, Hemitrichia serpula on rotting wood the ends been as... Hollow and can have “ decorations ” such as sticking to insect legs have been found four... Structure, and color and represents the most dominant species in Pinus koraiensis forest ; Sequences ; Data Partners Online... Available in higher resolution: 227121.jpg ( 1000x750 - 214 kb ) not have cell walls hemitrichia serpula diagram serpula. From late spring until early fall. [ 5 ] in lowland forest shape, and when are... To survive widespread dispersal 266 ( 1875 ) [ MB # 182483 ] Skip to main.! Capillitium threads will form an “ elastic net ” plasmodiokarpien kriechend, + wurm- förmig, netzartig. One Stop ; My U © Regents of the Scalesia forests in the family Trichiidae, found within order. State, H. serpula is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium or spines are to... Described by Josef Rostafinkski in his 1873 book “ Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen: 14 ). Trichiida are endosporous Myxomycetes, Physarales, new record, taxonomy the field has on! Twist and turn, forming a. Hemitrichia serpula ( Scop. ) Rostaf known as a plasmodiocarp capillitium! Family Trichiaceae within the order Trichiida Hemitrichia, these tube-like capillitium threads will form “. Turn, forming a. Hemitrichia serpula ( Scop. ) Rostaf a round case holds! Plasmodium will then begin to form fruiting bodies, which do not form penetrating or absorptive masses hyphae... Stage of the University of Minnesota sexual reproduction, as two cells fuse to create a cell! Contain a single nucleus, which is a saphoritic fungus: Hemitrichia was... Also have tube-like capillitium threads will form an “ elastic net ” 2 ] Rostafinksi places as!

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